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These programmes form the basis for the European Commission’s proposals for country-specific recommendations CSRs for each Member State. If the company carries out confedercenti industrial activity with more than 30 employees or other activities with more than employees, the employer is obliged to appoint a person and cannot perform the functions of the Prevention and Protection Service directly.

I have found it difficult to concentrate at work because of my family responsibilities. The provisions on working hours and overtime are included in Act no. Employees may receive various additional wage elements — for instance, additional monthly salaries 13th and 14th monthly payments.

Sanctions against unfair dismissals have been markedly reduced for workers hired from onwards, a measure intended to incentivise the creation of permanent jobs, although fixed-term contracts and temporary agency work have also been largely liberalised. Section 36 of the Italian Constitution states that workers are entitled to remuneration commensurate with their work and in any case such as to ensure them and their families a decent existence. Other developments worth noting were those addressing precarious or low-paid jobs: In principle, employees are supposed to work 40 hours per week, unless more favourable provisions contained in NCBAs reduce said duration; nevertheless, the ordinary weekly working time shall be referred to the average duration of the working activity within a period no longer than one year.

In terms of setting pay, the most important level is, without any doubt, the sectoral one.


European Semester documents for Italy. Retirement age Act no. In the absence of an agreement or mutual consent between the employer and comercio employee, wages and salaries may be determined by courts according to precedents and practices found in similar sectors or NCBAs. Have you had any on the job training in the past year?

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A healthy economy depends confeserrcenti a healthy workforce; organisations lose productivity through ill-health of their workers. Equal pay and the gender pay gap No specific provisions exist as to the implementation of an equal pay structure; the whole issue is regulated confesercneti the provision against discrimination in whatever form it may occur.

Moreover, paternity leave is extended to all categories of workers — not only to employees as it is now. Industrial relations context The Italian industrial relations framework has undergone numerous changes in recent years, moving towards an increasingly important role for decentralised bargaining and a closer link between wages and productivity. This new procedure, which applies to workers dismissed before March is expected to be part of JAEC.

These institutions have become increasingly important in recent years. If there exists a gender-based difference in the remuneration within the same company, the issue has to be tackled through social dialogue or before a court provided the non-discrimination provisions can be applied to the specific situation.

For more detailed information on working time including annual leave, statutory and collectively agreed working timeplease consult: In some rare and particular cases that is, leading businesses or partly state-owned companiesthe government itself tries to foster, mediate, and support social dialogue.

According to the provisions set out in NCBAs, the cost of overtime hours is higher than ordinary working hours.

If the Prevention and Protection Service is arranged within the company, the employer may either take on its functions, or appoint a person with suitable skills and expertise. This profile describes the key characteristics of working life in Italy. Bargaining levels In terms of setting pay, the most important level is, without any doubt, the sectoral one.


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Certain specific aspects of work, such as incentive remuneration 20011, performance bonuses, productivity standards, and special types of indemnities, are regulated at decentralised level territorial regional or provincial level or company level. At the moment, national-level agreements remain the main source of regulation.

Yet, the price levels were very close between the two observed years, suggesting figures would not change significantly if adjusted for the inflation rate. Extension mechanisms Collective agreements cannot be extended by legislation. Utilizziamo i cookie per essere sicuri che tu possa avere la migliore esperienza sul nostro sito. The perceived qualities of the seven public services presented below are lower in Italy in comparison to their EU28 averages.

However, a de facto extension is set out by labour courts. Specifically, 10 members are appointed directly by the President of the Republic: The minimum wage is set by each NCBA, which lays down minimum standards for the whole category it applies to throughout the country.

Following the adoption of the Jobs Act, the government enacted four legislative decrees. Collective agreements do not set out specific procedures to be followed in order to settle a dispute in front of these committees, which are in charge of the strict application of collectively agreed provisions. Click to share this page to LinkedIn securely. Eurofound’s Governing Board represents the social partners and national governments of all Member States, as well as the European Commission.

In general terms, several changes have been made to parental and maternity leave. A vertical coordination mechanism is in place in the Italian confeserdenti system: